The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 11.5
- courtesy of -
The International Carnivorous Plant Society

More Temperate and Arctic Pinguicula
Affixed hibernacula
Subgen. Temnoceras sect. Micranthes
P. algida Russia
P. alpina Spain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy,
Slovenia, Germany, Poland, Slovakia,
Romania, Norway, Sweden, Finland,
Russia, India, Nepal, China
P. ramosa Japan
P. variegata Russia
Subgen. Temnoceras sect. Nana
P. villosa1 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Finland,
Russia, China, North Korea
Loose hibernacula
Subgen. Pinguicula sect. Pinguicula
P. apuana Italy
P. balcanica Bosnia/Herzegovina, Yugoslavia,
Macedonia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria
P. corsica Corsica (France)
P. fiorii central Italy
P. grandiflora Ireland, Morocco?, Spain, France,
P. leptoceras Switzerland, Austria, Italy, France
P. longifolia Spain, France, Italy
P. macroceras Japan, Russia, w USA, w Canada
P. mariae Italy
P. mundi Spain
P. nevadensis Spain
P. poldinii Italy
P. vallisneriifolia Spain
P. vallis-regiae central Italy
P. vulgaris Canada, USA, Iceland, Foroyar, Ireland,
United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden,
Finland, Russia, Denmark, Belgium, The
Netherlands, Germany, Poland, Czech
Republic, Slovakia, France, Switzerland,
Liechtenstein, Austria, Hungary,
Romania, Portugal, Spain, Italy,
Slovenia, Croatia, Morocco
1Possibly with loose hibernacula.

Q: Temperate and Arctic species Pinguicula

Pinguicula fiorii
Pinguicula fiorii

Pinguicula grandiflora
Pinguicula grandiflora

Pinguicula leptoceras
Pinguicula leptoceras

Pinguicula longifolia
Pinguicula longifolia

Pinguicula vallisneriifolia
Pinguicula vallisneriifolia

A: These are all plants of cold climates that survive the cold winters by making tight little buds called hibernacula. These tight buds are usually loosely attached to the ground, and detach readily. Once detached, they float with the spring melt waters, dispersing plant propagules. A smaller number of species have hibernacula that are tightly attached to the soil surface.

Some of these species have subspecies described for them. These are mentioned below, and also on the big Pinguicula check list that is coming up in a few pages.

A few records of likely natural hybrids have been observed for these plants. These include Pinguicula grandiflora × vulgaris, Most of the Pinguicula species on this page are somewhat challenging to grow, as they have winter dormancy requirements which must be respected. Furthermore, their flowers are for the most part relatively small and not amazingly showy. Still, I think their flowers have a healthy dose of beauty dust, and I like these plants a great deal.

I have discussed Pinguicula macroceras, Pinguicula villosa, and Pinguicula vulgaris on the previous web page, but comments on some of the other species follow.

Pinguicula apuana--very similar to P. vulgaris, but with a larger corolla with longer spur, and with a two-parted white palate patch. This seems to me a fairly unimpressive set of arguments, but I bow to the expertise of the secondary author (Jost Casper) of the describing paper.

Pinguicula balcanica--Two additional subspecies have been described by Casper for this plant: P. b. subsp. pontica and P. b. subsp. tenuilaciniata.

Pinguicula grandiflora--This species is one of the easier to maintain in cultivation, and has large, colorful flowers. Casper described an additional subspecies (P. g. subsp. rosea) which has light pink flowers and some other minor character differences.

Pinguicula longifolia--This is a plant which is a source of great arguments. A common perspective is that it should be considered to have four subspecies: P. l. subsp. longifolia (Spain, France), P. l. subsp. caussensis (France), P. l. subsp. dertosensis (Spain), and P. l. subsp. reichenbachiana (France, Italy). I have adopted this approach. On the other hand, some prefer treating each at species rank. (Note, however, there is no legitimate name available for treating P. l. subsp. caussensis at a species rank.)

Pinguicula ramosa--This small Japanese species is remarkable in having forked inflorescences. This occasionally occurs in other species, but never regularly.

Pinguicula vallisneriifolia--This plant has long, almost stringlike leaves. The species name notes that the plant has leaves (foliage) like those of Vallisneria (eelgrass).

Page citations: Ansaldi, M., and Casper, J. 2009; Casper, J. 1966; Partrat, E. 2001; Rice, B. 2006a; Schlauer, J. 2002.

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Revised: September 2011
©Barry Rice, 2005