The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 11.5
- courtesy of -
The International Carnivorous Plant Society

Q: Carnivorous plants of Australia and New Zealand

A: On this page, I will note all the species found in Australia, New Zealand, and the Chatham Islands. (The Chatham Islands are possessed by New Zealand, but are about 900 km to the east.)

The native carnivorous genera in this region are Aldrovanda, Byblis, Cephalotus, Drosera, Nepenthes, and of course Utricularia. Australia is a global hot spot for carnivorous plants, and has no peer if your interests are Drosera or Utricularia!

Aldrovanda
This plant occurs at several sites in New South Wales, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. Some of these sites house interesting red forms.

Byblis
Nearly the entire genus is endemic to Australia, and is restricted to Western Australia. The only exception is one species (which is either B. liniflora or B. filifolia) that occurs in New Guinea.

Cephalotus
This spectacular little pitcher plant is endemic to the southwest corner of Western Australia. It is a beauty!

Nepenthes
Until recently, the range of only one species--N. mirabilis--was thought to include Australia. However, two additional species, both Australian endemics, are now recognized: N. rowanae and N. tenax. The only part of Australia with Nepenthes the northern tip of Queensland, i.e., Cape York.

Now, with trepidation, let us review the two big genera in Australia and New Zealand: Drosera and Utricularia....

Drosera
Australia is a center of diversity for the genus Drosera. While it is weak on the familiar rosetted species (i.e., genus section Drosera), it excels in entire groups of sundew species of types found nowhere else.

In addition to those clean categories, several other taxa occur in our region of interest. All except Drosera indica are discussed more deeply elsewhere in the FAQ.

Utricularia
Australia is also a center of diversity for this genus. The Australian species are below. Note that the region has so many species, I am listing plants by taxonomic section whenever possible:

A sub-topic to this page that I might as well answer, is the carnivorous plants of New Zealand. There are only two native genera present, Drosera and Utricularia.

Page citations: Clarke, C., and Kruger, R. 2005, 2006; Lowrie, A. 1987, 1989, 1999; Lowrie, A., and Conran, J.G. 1998; Rice, B.A. 2006a; Salmon, B. 2001; Schlauer, J. 2002; Taylor, P. 1989.

bar

Revised: July 2011
©Barry Rice, 2005